Reefer Truck

Hire Reefer Truck Rental Vehicle Transport company in Dubai

In trucking, a “reefer” is a refrigerated trailer that becomes connected to a semi-truck to transport perishables and other temperature-sensitive assets. It was originally the ice cream production that gave birth to the reefer around 2001 in Dubai by Cool Freights Transport LLC. Reefers may also be used for heated goods

How Does a Reefer Truck Rental Stay Cool?

Cooling for a joint container is achieved through different methods, which can include:

  • Diesel-powered dynamos – These connect to the container being dragged

Cryogenic Cooling – Flows frozen carbon dioxide ice to keep contents cool reefer truck is a truck or van usually 1 ton or larger that has a refrigerated unit built either directly on the frame or is transported by trailer. It’s refrigerated by diesel-powered generators and liquid carbon dioxide, or CO2. Reefer trucks range from simple ice cream trucks to large containers carrying perishable goods across the country.

Hire Reefer Rental Vehicle

Ice cream maker Borden Company developed one of the first mechanical reefer trucks in the late 1920s for long-haul deliveries.

Advanced Technology

Reefer trucks haul hundreds of thousands of dollars in goods and require warning systems that monitor the changes in temperature that allows the driver to take corrective measures.


The reefer truck industry exploded following the passage of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956, which created an extensive highway/freeway system throughout the United States.


Reefer truck drivers are required to deliver perishable cargo in perfect condition and must pre-cool refrigerated units before loading goods to ensure a stable and correct temperature.

Environmentally Friendly

Heavy hauler reefer trucks typically are equipped with an engine, evaporator, condenser, and compressor that adhere to strict environmental emissions guidelines.

Not Just Ice Cream

Many products require refrigeration before final delivery, with reefer trucks today hauling computers, medical supplies, plasma, blood and photography supplies.

  • refrigeration transport options and climate-controlled storage includes trucking services, reefer trucks, reefer trailers, refrigerated vans, refrigerated trucks or reefer units.
  • Refrigerated storage differs from frozen storage.
  • Commonly found is a refrigeration container or refrigerated containers.
  • In addition, there is vacuum drying, liquid nitrogen container, dry ice, and air cargo


Refrigerated transport and refrigerated trucks are broken into several divisions or dimensions. One is the type of equipment used. Another is how refrigerated transport is part of a larger climate-controlled storage network, and yet another is trucking versus rail and ocean refrigerated transport.

In this article, we will define terms reefer trailer, refrigerated van, etc..

  1.  Reefer Truck,
  2. Reefer Van,
  3. Reefer Trailer,
  4. Refrigerated Van,
  5. Refrigerated Truck
  6. or Refrigerator Truck,
  7. Chiller Van rental

The terms reefer truck, reefer van, reefer trailer, freezer van, refrigerated truck or refrigerator truck are all terms for refrigerated transport. This is an insulated container with a refrigerating unit attached. The meaningful difference between these terms is that a reefer van or refrigerated van is a smaller cargo van for short transits, while reefer trailer, reefer truck, refrigerator truck, Chillervans, and refrigerated truck are used to describe large truck that is designed for longer range refrigerated transport.

Temperature Control for Refrigeration Units for Rent

Temperature controlled transportation goes back far further than this as the ice was used instead of a compressor-based refrigeration system.

What is today serviced by refrigerated trucks, refrigerated containers, freezer truck rental and temperature-controlled storage was in the past supported by ice trucks, and “ice houses.” (there was little to no long-distance temperature-controlled transport and no real international transport that we take for granted today) Although, ice houses could only place bear cold freshwater lakes or areas with snow outside of the winter. Therefore, the distribution of temperature-controlled cargo was very much limited to cold weather regions and the winter months.

A refrigerated truck is insulated and has a refrigeration unit. There are refrigerated trucking companies that only have refrigerator trucks and other refrigerated trucking companies that offer both refrigerated trucks and non-refrigerated trucks.

The Refrigerated Truck Refrigeration Unit or Reefer Units

The refrigeration unit or reefer unit is what controls the temperature of the container, and hangs out on top of the cab.

This is a compressor that is powered by the power generated from the truck or a container. The entire technology is the a.) generator (to run when the truck’s main engine is not active, b.) the compressor, and then c.) the insulated box.

A larger refrigeration unit or reefer unit has its internal battery; refrigeration unit manufacturers are increasingly selling their reefer units with solar panels.

These solar panels are not designed to be the primary power source for the compressor, but instead, serve only to maintain the temperature level of the container when the truck is not running and not providing power to the reefer unit.

Refrigerated Storage Versus Frozen Storage

Frozen storage uses very similar material to refrigerated transport, but the temperature is simply turned down with frozen storage. Refrigerated transport means that the temperature is kept just a few degrees above the frosty point of water. Perishable foods are maintained at a range between 37 to 41 degrees Fahrenheit. Bringing the temperature below this would damage or destroy many foods. Frozen storage brings the temperature down to the freedom around 34 degrees Fahrenheit.

Frozen storage is a significant percentage of the overall refrigerated transport market. And the same equipment can carry either refrigerated or frozen goods. It is simply a matter of setting the refrigerated unit to match the product. Refrigerated freight cars provide the ability to transport frozen storage goods rather than simply low warmth, as was the case with ice refrigeration.

Food Chiller Van Rental Dubai UAE

A refrigerated container or refrigerator containers are used for a ship or rail-based refrigerated transport. These refrigerated containers are powered by port railyard, rail and ship power lines. Refrigerator containers are transported and powered this way for weeks on international ocean transits. But a refrigerated container can also be stored for an extended period without being connected to any external power source. This is because refrigerated containers have their diesel generator to power the refrigeration unit when connections to external power are not available or not convenient.

Because refrigerator containers must be stackable, the refrigeration unit is built flush into the rear panel (the side opposite the doors) on the container.

Refrigerated Transport Products

Refrigerated transport is concentrated in foods and medical and pharmaceutical products as well as blood. The most common use for refrigerated trucks for the transportation of food.

Climate-Controlled Storage

Refrigerated transport works in concert with a climate-controlled storage network. That is the initial production of a product is placed into climate-controlled storage before the reefer-van or reefer truck picks up the freight, and it is of course taken to a location that also has climate-controlled storage. Sometimes this controlled climate storage is a population center and other times it is a retail location such as a grocery store that has climate-controlled storage.

The Envirotainer is a temperature-controlled container that fits into the airplane. 

Vacuum Drying, Liquid Nitrogen Container, and Dry Ice and Air Cargo

Refrigerated transport is by far the most common type of temperature-controlled transport. But not for air cargo. First air cargo moves at great speed so the temperature must be maintained for a far lower time duration. But to keep with the low weight limits of airplanes.

There are several other options in the market for air cargo. One is vacuum drying. This is where the product has its moisture removed and is then vacuum packed. Vacuum drying removes the need for maintaining a low temperature, but vacuum drying also considerably deforms and alters the product. For this reason, vacuum drying has very limited applications.

Liquid nitrogen containers are a type of “dry ice.” Liquid nitrogen container or dry ice has a lower temperature than normal ice or water ice at 109 degrees Fahrenheit. A liquid nitrogen container and or dry ice are too expensive to compete with refrigerated transport but are often used with individually packaged items. Liquid nitrogen container and dry ice are typically used only when conventional refrigeration is unavailable or impractical.

In this way, liquid nitrogen container and dry ice can be considered a niche method of temperature-controlled transport.

Refrigerated Ocean Containers

There are also refrigerated ocean containers, although most perishables that go over the ocean, are transported by air.

The Impact of Refrigerated Transport and Refrigerated Food

Food companies were the primary innovators in refrigerated transport. This was both with ice-based transport and refrigerated transport. As far back as the mid to late 1800’s fruits, vegetables and meats were transported on a large scale by insulated ice bunker (an ice compartment) rail cars, with beef packing being the predominant driver of ice-based rail car transport.

The largest impact of refrigerated transport has been the transformation of diet, with foods being shipped to locations where they had previously never been able to be carried. This turned what was once seasonal and hard to find foods to become much more plentiful. It has also meant a widening of the distance between food production and food consumption. While the average number of miles foods now travel before purchased varies quite a bit, most produce is grown 1500 miles from where it is purchased.

Interestingly, at one point the US had a very efficient rail distribution based ice rail car transportation system, but the decline of the railroads meant the movement of temperature-controlled cargos to trucks. One recent development has been the movement of some long-haul refrigerated foot traffic back onto the rails.